CAUV DATES & DEADLINES
The first Monday in January is
the first day to file initial applications and renewal applications. The initial
application has a one time fee of $25. Make check payable to Michael E.
County Auditor and return to 100 S. Madriver St. Bellefontaine, Oh 43311.
All initial applications for CAUV must be filed prior to the first Monday in March.
On the second Tuesday in March the Auditor determines whether all renewal and initial
applications (for land already on the CAUV program) have been filed, and notifies by
certified mail those current owners who failed to file the renewal or initial application
by the deadline.
All renewal applications for land already on the CAUV program must be filed prior to the
first Monday in March.
The first Monday in June is the
last day for the Auditor to view land upon which applications have been filed to determine
whether it is devoted exclusively to agricultural use.
The first Monday in August is the last day for the Auditor to notify by certified mail
each owner of land whose CAUV application was denied, citing reasons for the denial.
QUESTIONS & ANSWERS
Q. Are all farms in Ohio used
exclusively for agricultural purposes eligible to be taxed on their current agricultural
A. Yes, if containing 10 acres or more. Those under 10 acres can qualify if the land has
produced a gross income for the past three years of at least $2,500 each year or should
reasonably be expected to produce that much during the current year.
Q. Will all farms be automatically reappraised on a CAUV basis?
A. No. Applications must be made each year at the Logan County Auditor's office.
Q. What does an owner have to do to be taxed on the Current Agricultural Use Value?
A. File an application with the County Auditor on or after the first Monday in January and
on or before the first Monday in March and pay a one time application fee of $25. There is
no renewal fee.
Q. What qualifies as land devoted exclusively to agricultural use?
A. 1) It qualifies if more than 10 acres were devoted exclusively to commercial
production of field crops; tobacco, fruit, vegetables, timber, nursery stock, ornamental
trees, sod or flowers; or if it qualified for a land retirement or conservation program
under an agreement with the federal government.
2) If less than 10 acres, it qualifies if, during the past three
years, it produced a gross income of at least $2,500 each year or has an anticipated gross
income of such amount during the current year.
Q. Do you have to own a farm for three years before you can apply?
A. No. The farm has to qualify, not the owner.
Q. How often is real estate appraised for tax assessment purposes?
A. Reappraisals are done every six years and a review and adjustment is possible in the
third calendar year following the reappraisal.
Q. Is tax value the same as appraised value?
A. No. In Ohio, tax value, or tax assessed value, is 35% of the appraised market value.
Q. How were farms valued before this law was enacted?
A. On the basis of their appraised market value.
Q. How does CAUV appraisal differ from fair market value?
A. The fair market value approach depends upon the comparison of sales of similarly
situated farms and where the highest and best use sets value. The CAUV method depends upon
capitalizing the expected net income from farming.
Q. Will some farms have lower appraised values using the CAUV?
A. Yes. The fair market value reflects what a buyer is willing to pay regardless of the
farm's agricultural production capability.
Q. Are the terms "tracts", "lots" and "parcels" used
A. For the purpose of this act they are.
Q. Some land used exclusively for timber production has been taxed at a lower rate for
many years. How does this affect the new act?
A. Woodland is not eligible for tax savings under both laws. An owner must choose one or
the other. On parcels of 10 acres or more, timber qualifies for the CAUV program, meeting
the commercial production test. However, you must submit a request for a Land Management
program in writing to:
Division of Forestry
304 Patrick Ave.
Urbana, Ohio 43078
Fax: (937) 653-4106
Q. What are the liabilities if
incorrect information is given?
A. If you knowingly give false information on an application, you are guilty of a
misdemeanor of the first degree.
Q. What happens if the land is converted into a non-qualifying use?
A. The owner is required to pay back the tax difference. Recoupage, for a maximum of three
years, is taxed under the CAUV method.
Q. What causes one to become subject to recoupment?
A. Failure to reapply for CAUV tax appraisal or if a change in use occurs so that the land
is not devoted exclusively to agricultural purposes.
Q. Do golf courses qualify under the CAUV?
Q. Does raising race horses or saddle horses qualify?
A.Yes. This is a type of animal husbandry. However, a race track does not qualify.
Q. Does a greenhouse qualify?
A. Yes. As long as it meets the CAUV income requirements.
Q. Does a garden store qualify?
Q. Does aquaculture qualify?
A. Yes, the raising of plants or animals as fish or shellfish in or under the sea, lake or
river or other body of water.
Q. Does apiculture qualify?
A. Yes. The raising and care of bees qualifies.